By Prashant Srivastava
Это первое подробное исследование совместных монет (упоминающих нескольких правителей одновременно), памятных медальонов и победных медалей античной Индии, которые являются более важными историческими источниками, чем обычные выпуски. Сканы предоставлены камрадом
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Newton was later appointed Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge, a post currently held by Stephen Hawking. During the seventeenth century much progress had been made on the two branches of the infinitesimal calculus, the seemingly unrelated areas now called ‘differentiation’ (finding the rate at which objects move or change) and ‘integration’ (finding the area enclosed by a curve). It was gradually becoming realised that these processes are inverse to each other: for example, integrating a function and then differentiating the result yields our original function.
Dürer’s ‘St Jerome in his study’ Roman mosaic Leonardo da Vinci Filipo Brunelleschi Leon Battista Alberti Piero della Francesca’s ‘Madonna and child with saints’ 3 4 6 5 Renaissance Art 33 34 Stamping Through Mathematics Go and Chess O n page 14 we illustrated some board games from around the world. Two of the most celebrated games, Go and chess, have been extensively subjected to mathematical analysis and have featured on many stamps. The ancient game of Go, formerly ‘wei-chi’ or ‘weiqi’, was created in China at least three thousand years ago and was introduced to Japan and Korea during the Tang Dynasty (618–907), before eventually finding its way to Europe.
The curriculum was in two parts. The first part, studied by those aspiring to a Bachelor’s degree, was based on the ancient ‘trivium’ of grammar, rhetoric and logic (usually Aristotelian). The second part, leading to a Master’s degree, was based on the ‘quadrivium’, the Greek mathematical arts of arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music; the works studied would have included Euclid’s Elements and Ptolemy’s Almagest. Johann Gutenberg’s invention of the printing press (around 1440) enabled classic mathematical works to be widely available for the first time.
Aspects of Ancient Indian Numismatics by Prashant Srivastava