By U.S. Air Force (USAF), Air University Press, U.S. Military, Department of Defense (DoD), Michael E. Haas
In Apollo's Warriors, Michael Haas brings to lifestyles the serious, albeit little-known, contributions US Air strength distinct operations forces have made to the workout of air and house energy. the writer focuses specifically at the interval among the Korean struggle and the Indochina wars of 1950-79. The Korean warfare marked the 1st significant use of Air strength particular operations functions through the chilly conflict. functions formerly hired throughout the moment international conflict have been speedy resurrected and used to behavior unconventional struggle missions at the land and sea, in addition to within the air. as soon as those features have been on hand, USAF unique operations team of workers came across themselves continually engaged in mental, covert, and seek and rescue operations a ways north of the thirty eighth parallel till the battle led to 1953. in the course of the interval among 1953 and the preliminary strength deployments to Laos and South Vietnam within the early Nineteen Sixties, the Air Resupply and Communications (ARC) devices had the first accountability for USAF specific operations. The function of USAF certain operations replaced dramatically with the elevated involvement of the U.S. within the moment Indochina warfare. one of many extra fascinating alterations was once the reconstitution of the Air Commando notion of the second one global battle. in the course of that warfare, the Air Commandos carried out powerful aerial invasions in the course of the China-Burma-India theater. construction in this legacy, the Air Commandos of the Vietnam period first and foremost have been the focus for education Laotian pilots and undertaking unconventional conflict operations in Laos. via 1968, that they had proved so beneficial that their function have been accelerated to surround all USAF distinctive operations in Indochina. As a mirrored image of this broader venture, the Air Commandos have been renamed the specified Operations Forces. CONTENTS * PRELUDE: earlier than the start * targeted Operations in Europe * The Air Commandos * KOREA * THE go back TO warfare * THE SHADOW warfare * The conflict: heart degree * The struggle behind the scenes * Aviary and Unit four in motion * detailed AIR MISSIONS * FIREFLY, LEAFLET, AND PICKUP OPERATIONS * NICHOLS'S "ONE-MAN battle" * particular OPERATIONS through USAF "SAILORS" * USAF'S mystery PSYWAR WEAPON * businesses and Missions * stories of the 581st * COVERT conflict * THE AIR RESUPPLY AND COMMUNICATIONS carrier * A Chilling worry * An "Agency outdoors DOD" Makes a Request * Going Too speedy * Psywarriors from Georgetown collage to castle Benning * The Air Resupply and Communications carrier Balloon software * Operation imagine * THE "COLD ARCS" AND THE IRON CURTAIN * Blue matches, eco-friendly Berets, Hidden Faces * The SA-16s' "Silent luck" * From H&B to AMA * The final of the Breed * THE defend will get THE NOD * "BANDITS" at the ROOF OF the realm * "THEY HAD NO AIR help" * Operation Pluto * Aftermath * the second one INDOCHINA conflict * LAOS 1961: the foremost DOMINO * A Blue significant within the Black international * No Faces, No Serial Numbers * A Primer in "Cold conflict one hundred and one" * LAOS 1964: THE BRUISED DOMINO * A barren region of Mirrors * instructing the "ABCs" of the key struggle * LAOS 1966: THE BLOODY DOMINO * Snake kingdom * Tigers and Eagles cross Snake searching * The Nimrods * Zorro! * The Skyraiders * LAOS: contained in the DOMINO * on the TIP OF THE SPEAR * battling WITH the center * THE RANCH HAND venture * THE DRAGONSHIP * Aftermath * THE SHADOW * THE PREDATOR * THE "OTHER" conflict * THE seventy fifth AIR stories staff * Duck Hook, strive against Spear, and OPLAN 34A * The "Bringers of dying" * eco-friendly Hornets and Knives * A sour Postscript to the warfare * BARBARA'S mystery * The gamers * From Duke to Takhli * Execute! * The Scapegoats * Son Tay With 20-20 Hindsight * AIR COMMANDOS ABOVE AND past the decision * Maj Bernard F. Fisher, 1st Air Commando Squadron * Lt Col Joe M. Jackson, 311th Air Commando Squadron * Lt Col William A. Jones III, 602d particular Operations Squadron * 1st Lt James P. Fleming, twentieth unique Operations Squadron * Airman 1st type John L. Levitow, 3d Air Commando Squadron
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Additional info for Apollo's Warriors: Us Air Force Special Operations During the Cold War
Successful field trials proved the feasibility of the concept, but all involved noted the extreme vulnerability of the aircraft to ground fire on the low, slow snatch pass. In the first half of 1953, B Flight attempted two snatch pickups of personnel in enemy territory. The first failed when the airman was captured before the pickup aircraft could reach the scene. The second failed for the reasons feared during the pickup trials. ”21 A similar ambush in Manchuria, north of the Yalu River, later downed a Civil Air Transport C-47 on its pickup pass.
25 Table 1 Unit 4 Unconventional Warfare Missions January 1951 Date Destination Sorties Mission 1 5 8 8 11 Wonsan-Chongjin Chinnampo-Tongyang Chinnampo-Tongyang Kyongju-Ulchin Yonan-Hamhung-Chinnampo 1 1 1 1 3 12 14 15 16 17 19 Yonan-Seoul Hamhung Sibyonni-Chorwon-Kosong Ulchin-Seoul Yonan-Chinnampo-Hamhung Kumwha-Ch’unch’on 1 1 1 1 3 1 21 23 24 26 Oro-ni Yonan-Chinnampo Ulchin-Hamhung Songu-ri; Kapyong’on; Ch’unch’on; Yanggu; Yangang Hongwon Yonan-Chinnampo Yonan 1 2 2 5 Drop UN Personnel Radio Intercept Radio Intercept Supply and Recon Personel Drop and Radio Intercept Radio Intercept Radio Intercept Personnel Drop Radio Intercept Radio Intercept Personnel Drop and Radio Intercept Personnel Drop Radio Intercept Radio Intercept Personnel Drop 1 1 1 Radio Intercept Radio Intercept UN Agent Drop 26 29 31 Source: History, 21st TCS, January–April 1951, Historical Data No.
One of the more interesting aspects of these parachute misWhen we gave the green light for the parachutists to sions is that, contrary to widespread denial both in jump, they simply slid off the wood benches and print and personal accounts that exist to this day, dropped. In the event they hesitated, we had a toggle Americans indeed led some of these operations. switch in the cockpit that dropped the whole The first airborne partisan operation of the lot . . 3 March 1951 with the code name “Virginia” (table 2).
Apollo's Warriors: Us Air Force Special Operations During the Cold War by U.S. Air Force (USAF), Air University Press, U.S. Military, Department of Defense (DoD), Michael E. Haas