By Suzanne Stern-Gillet, SJ, Gary M. Gurtler
Charts the levels of the background of friendship as a philosophical suggestion within the Western international.
concentrating on Plato and Aristotle, the Stoics and Epicureans, and early Christian and Medieval assets, Ancient and Medieval thoughts of Friendship brings jointly checks of other philosophical bills of friendship. This quantity sketches the evolution of the notion from old beliefs of friendship utilizing strictly to relationships among males of excessive social place to Christian options that deal with friendship as appropriate to all yet are involved mainly with the soul’s relation to God—and that ascribe a secondary prestige to human relationships. The booklet concludes with essays reading how this advanced history used to be bought in the course of the Enlightenment, having a look particularly to Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Hölderlin
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Additional resources for Ancient and Medieval Concepts of Friendship
Throughout the last section of this paper, I shall refer to the members of the ideal city’s intermediate class as “guards,” not “guardians,” as is usually preferred. e. soldiers and protectors of the city. ” On friendship and the education of guards, see Resp. 3, 386a1–4. 55. See Resp. 4, 424a2 and 5, 449c5. 56. On the love of the rulers for their fellow-citizen, see Resp. 3, 414b1–5 with El Murr 2012, 594–95. On friendship between guards and producers, see Resp. 8, 547b7–c4 with El Murr 2012, 599–602.
62 This story shows that no citizen should think of himself as an isolated individual, following his own particular interests, as if he were disconnected from his fellow citizens. On the contrary, each member of the ideal city must consider himself to be part of a greater whole, a member of a larger family. In spite of the belief fostered by the Noble Lie, Socrates’ approach to civic friendship in the Republic falls short of the precise account provided by the Laws and in this respect remains unconvincing.
As Léon Robin rigthly claimed long ago: see Robin’s Introduction to the Phaedrus in Robin (1995, lxxxix–xc. 34. For details, see Sheffield 2011, 255–58 and Belfiore 2012, 228–39. 35. The Phaedrus provides evidence against Vlastos’ famous view that Plato is guilty of the charge of “cold-hearted egoism” and that the Platonic analysis of love and friendship shows no concern for the friend’s own well-being and happiness. See Vlastos 1973. For a criticism of Vlastos’ position, see Sheffield 2011, 262– 70.
Ancient and Medieval Concepts of Friendship by Suzanne Stern-Gillet, SJ, Gary M. Gurtler