By Russell Thornton
This demographic assessment of North American Indian heritage describes intimately the holocaust that, even this present day, white american citizens are inclined to brush aside as an unlucky concomitant of occur future. they want to fail to remember that, as Euro-Americans invaded North the USA and prospered within the "New World," the numbers of local peoples declined sharply; complete tribes, usually within the area of some years, have been "wiped from the face of the earth."
The fires of the holocaust that fed on American Indians blazed within the fevers of newly encountered ailments, the flash of settlers’ and squaddies’ weapons, the ravages of "firewater," and the scorched-earth rules of the white invaders. Russell Thornton describes how the holocaust had as its reasons ailment, struggle and genocide, elimination and relocation, and destruction of aboriginal methods of life.
Until lately so much students appeared reluctant to invest approximately North American Indian populations in 1492. during this e-book Thornton discusses intimately what percentage Indians there have been, the place that they had come from, and the way glossy scholarship in lots of disciplines could allow us to make extra actual estimates of aboriginal populations.
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Extra info for American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History Since 1492 (Civilization of the American Indian)
Here again, the accuracy of the data is a problem. Also mortality rates from disease are influenced by such variables as general health, age and sex structure, environmental conditions, and health practices. Information on these is often not known. The social structure of Indian societies has also been used as an indication of population size, for example, the political organization of the society and its degree of cultural evolution (Means, 1931; Smith, 1970). Such estimates must be speculative, given the inaccuracy of reports of both social structure and how it relates to population size.
Credibility is not always dependent upon intent; one must also look at the methodological assumptions, sources, and procedures employed to obtain data. Demography checking is, of course, desirable also. In the scientific study of human populations demographers have produced abundant knowledge about populations and techniques to obtain such knowledge. Both should be used to scrutinize information about American Indian populations (see Smith, 1970). We know many characteristics of population structure and variables of population change, and we have mathematical and statistical equations to ascertain structure and change, given incomplete data.
Frederick Webb Hodge's Handbook of Indians of Canada lists the 1911 American Indian population of Canada at 108,261 (Mooney, 1913 : 340), but Mooney (1928 : 33) asserted that the nadir population of Canada was 101,000 in 1906 (along with 266,000 Indians in the United States, 28,000 in Alaska, and 11,000 in Greenland). If he was correct the nadir population in Canada was more than 26,000 lower than the nadir population that Dobyns used, 127,374. 87 million. In 1983, Henry Dobyns published a new estimate of the American Indian population in 1492 north of Mesoamerica, based in part on the work of Thomas R.
American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History Since 1492 (Civilization of the American Indian) by Russell Thornton