By Daphne Kerremans
This booklet provides the 1st large-scale usage-based research of the conventionalization technique of English neologisms within the on-line speech group. The examine solutions the longstanding query of the way and why a few neologisms turn into a part of the English lexicon and others don't. It strings jointly findings and assumptions from lexicological, sociolinguistic and cognitive examine and supplementations the present theories with novel data-driven insights. For this objective a webcrawler used to be constructed, which extracted the occurrences of the neologisms into consideration from the net in per month periods. The ebook indicates that different classes conventionalization strategies may well take outcome from the interaction among speaker-based sociopragmatic accommodation-induced facets and elements facilitating cognitive processing of novel linguistic fabric.
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Extra resources for A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the Conventionalization Process of English Neologisms
Lexicalization has also been described with a different set of terms, particularly in the context of language change34. 2005a: 47-57) distinguish between different types of “fusion” (2005a: 47, 2005b: 4-5), depending on the formal outcome of the process. Despite the semantic, morphological and/or phonological changes, the individual constituents might still be recognized as such and be distinguished from the other constituents. This happens on the one hand when larger syntactic constructions fuse into single or multiword lexemes, which is called “univerbation” (Brinton and Traugott 2005a: 48-50)35.
The latter group defined the word as a sensitive person. Again others interpreted the compound exocentrically and defined it as a princess with a head or body like a pea, of the color or size of a pea. Lastly, some informants also selected a partially metaphorical understanding and described the meaning as “a daughter of a pea magnate” (Downing 1977: 840). 36 structural connection to its components. This in turn might lead to demotivation and idiomatization as described above. From a socio-pragmatic perspective, a neologism might start diffusing through the language and subsequently become part of the common vocabulary of individual speakers and the speech community at large.
In the initial period, a neologism is introduced into the language and the speech community with the help of profuse explanations. However, when the lexeme is predominantly used in specialist discourse or slang, or is semantically and morphologically sufficiently transparent, its meaning will be known to the speakers and these explanations will not necessarily be present. When topicality is significant enough, the lexeme will advance into an intermediate stage, in which explanations or paradigmatic contextual clues like hyponyms or antonyms are reduced.
A Web of New Words: A Corpus-Based Study of the Conventionalization Process of English Neologisms by Daphne Kerremans