By Martin Maiden, Cecilia Robustelli
This Italian reference grammar presents scholars, academics and others attracted to the Italian language with a entire, available and jargon-free consultant to the kinds and constitution of Italian.
Whatever their point of data of the language, inexperienced persons of Italian will locate this e-book necessary: it supplies transparent and unique factors of every little thing from the main straight forward evidence similar to the relation among spelling and pronunciation, or the kinds of the thing, to extra complex issues resembling some of the nuances of the subjunctive. Formal or archaic discourse is extraordinary from casual, daily utilization, and regionalisms also are indicated the place applicable.
The authors have taken care to make it a simple and illuminating reference device: large cross-referencing permits readers to quick locate the data they require, and in addition stimulates them to find new, similar evidence.
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Extra resources for A Reference Grammar of Modern Italian (2nd Edition)
Come on, boy, throw the corpse onto this pyre. DIK. But what are you doing? Don’t do this, by the gods, stop! Μ. Don’t get in my way, fellow. DIK. Foul [man]! Are you hitting me, a citizen? What aggressive behaviour! Don’t hit [me]. O L D M A N What’s this? What are these shouts? You there, what are you doing? Are you hitting a citizen? What lawlessness! Stop! Alas, what’s this? Are you throwing a corpse onto that pyre? What irreverence! Μ.
What are you saying, rhapsode? What’s that ‘in a black ship’? For our ship isn’t black. It is clear that you are stupid, and don’t know anything, but are joking at us. Be quiet. ’ Do you hear, sailors? Come here and listen. It is clear that our rhapsode is stupid. For the fellow does not know anything accurately, but is joking at us. RHAP. DIK. 1I Page 20 1 εἰμί A new form, person indicated by pronoun. γιγνώσκω A new word (Latin cognosco). 2 ἀπαίδευτος The prefix α- is often a negative one in Greek (cf.
Now they no longer agree, but hate each other because of the war. Then there was agreement among the Greeks, and now there is hatred. Alas, alas for the Greeks, alas for the war! DIKAIOPOLIS Grammar Contracted verbs in -όω: there should be little difficulty in recognising the person of these verbs from the endings you already know. Perhaps the most important thing to notice is how -ο- predominates throughout. Much more important are the middle verbs in GE pp. 19–21 #23–25. Feminine nouns: if you are doing English–Greek exercises, it is important to notice the differences between the different types of feminine noun.
A Reference Grammar of Modern Italian (2nd Edition) by Martin Maiden, Cecilia Robustelli