Download PDF by Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer: A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual

By Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer

ISBN-10: 0262201259

ISBN-13: 9780262201254

During this sure-to-be-controversial publication, Randy Thornhill and Craig Palmer use evolutionary biology to provide an explanation for the explanations of rape and to suggest new techniques to its prevention. in keeping with Thornhill and Palmer, advanced model of a few style provides upward thrust to rape; the most evolutionary query is whether or not rape is an model itself or a spinoff of alternative diversifications. whatever the solution, Thornhill and Palmer observe, rape circumvents a primary characteristic of women's reproductive method: mate selection. this can be a fundamental for the reason that rape is devastating to its sufferers, particularly younger women. Thornhill and Palmer handle, and declare to demolish scientifically, many myths approximately rape bred by way of social technological know-how concept over the last twenty-five years. the preferred rivalry that rapists usually are not influenced by means of sexual hope is, they argue, scientifically erroneous. even supposing they argue that rape is organic, Thornhill and Palmer don't view it as inevitable. Their thoughts for rape prevention contain instructing younger men to not rape, punishing rape extra critically, and learning the effectiveness of "chemical castration." in addition they suggest that younger ladies ponder the organic factors of rape whilst making judgements approximately gown, visual appeal, and social actions. Rape may well stop to exist, they argue, in simple terms in a society acquainted with its evolutionary reasons. The e-book contains a priceless precis of evolutionary thought and a comparability of evolutionary biology's and social science's motives of human habit. The authors argue for the higher explanatory strength and useful usefulness of evolutionary biology. The booklet is certain to fire up dialogue either at the particular subject of rape and at the higher problems with how we comprehend and impact human habit.

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Extra info for A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion

Example text

Indeed, the notion that the rest of the body could have been designed by selection without selection's simultaneously acting on the brain and the nervous system that control the body is absurd. To those who accept the notion of evolution, it is clear that the human brain must contain evolved structures that process environmental information in a manner that guides feelings and behavior toward ends that were adaptive in past human environments. Similarly, a moment's reflection on the evolution of the human opposable thumb— whose name implies both a structure and the movement (behavior) of that structure—should resolve any remaining controversy as to whether human physical behavior (muscle-induced motion) has evolved.

The second way in which evolutionary theory interacts with the identification of proximate causes is even more direct and important. Evolutionary theory can tell investigators what proximate mechanisms are most likely to be found, and therefore where any investigation of proximate causation should begin. For example, evolutionary theory has provided unique directions for investigations of child abuse, child neglect, and infanticide (Daly and Wilson 1988). Evolutionary predictions regarding parental investment have directed researchers to multiple proximate causes of child maltreatment: resources available for successfully rearing offspring; paternity certainty and genetic relatedness of parent to offspring generally; health, sex, and status of offspring; age of parent; birth order/' The example of child abuse also demonstrates the ability of an evolutionary approach to identify the proximate causes of both adaptations and by-products.

First, it leads to the discovery of new biological phenomena whose proximate causes are unknown. For example, the evolutionary psychologists Leda Cosmides and John Tooby (1992) have found that the human brain contains a mechanism designed specifically to detect cheating in social exchanges. The discovery of such a "cheater-detection" mechanism was the result of an understanding of the evolutionary concept of reciprocal altruism originally developed by the biologist Robert Trivers (1971). Similarly, evolutionary theory has led to the discovery of specific patterns of nepotism.

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A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion by Randy Thornhill, Craig T. Palmer


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