By Emilio Zagheni, Marina Zannella, Gabriel Movsesyan, Brittney Wagner
This comparative learn of eu time transfers unearths the entire quantity of transfers within the type of unpaid paintings and highlights the lifestyles of significant gender adjustments in loved ones time construction. a wide volume of products and providers are produced via family contributors for his or her personal intake, with no regarding marketplace transactions. regardless of the commercial and social significance of unpaid paintings, those efficient actions are mostly invisible to standard nationwide fiscal debts. thus, average measures of intergenerational transfers ordinarily forget about loved ones construction, and therefore underestimate the final price of products and companies produced over the lifestyles cycle; particularly, the industrial contribution of ladies. The e-book makes use of a existence direction method of provide policy-relevant insights into the influence of demographic and social swap on intergenerational ties and gender inequality in loved ones production.
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Additional info for A Comparative Analysis of European Time Transfers between Generations and Genders
Failing to account for transfers in the form of unpaid household work would lead to a biased picture of intergenerational transfers. With our research we made an attempt to give visibility to the work, typically confined behind domestic walls, that is often invisible, and, as such, deprived of value. We used the same tools developed by the National Transfer Accounts project for the analysis of monetary transfers across the life cycle. We applied the concepts of life cycle production, consumption, deficits and transfers, in new and innovative ways, to the context of non-monetary transfers.
Gender, time use. org/web/nta/show/ Gender,%20Time%20use. Phananiramai, M. (2011). Incorporating time into the national transfer accounts: The case of Thailand. In R. Lee, & A. 528–541). Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. Reher, D. S. (1998). Family ties in Western Europe: Persistent contrasts. Population and Development Review, 24, 203–234. Reid, M. (1934). The economics of Household production. New York: Wiley. , & Keck, W. (2010). Can we identify intergenerational policy regimes in Europe.
1 Women’s profiles of time production by age, sex, and household structure in Denmark (1987), France (1998), Austria (1992), Germany (2001), Italy (2002) and Spain (2002). (Source: own elaborations on MTUS data) 38 3 Heterogeneity in Unpaid Household Production over the Life Course Fig. 2 Men’s profiles of time production by age, sex, and household structure in Denmark (1987), France (1998), Austria (1992), Germany (2001), Italy (2002) and Spain (2002). 3 Profiles by Age, Sex and Education 39 The two figures offer three important insights.
A Comparative Analysis of European Time Transfers between Generations and Genders by Emilio Zagheni, Marina Zannella, Gabriel Movsesyan, Brittney Wagner