Download e-book for iPad: A brief history of computing by Gerard O'Regan

By Gerard O'Regan

ISBN-10: 144712359X

ISBN-13: 9781447123590

This vigorous and interesting textual content lines the most important advancements in computation – from 3000 B.C. to the current day – in an easy-to-follow and concise demeanour. themes and lines: perfect for self-study, supplying many pedagogical gains reminiscent of chapter-opening key subject matters, bankruptcy introductions and summaries, workouts, and a thesaurus; offers targeted details on significant figures in computing, akin to Boole, Babbage, Shannon, Turing, Zuse and Von Neumann; reports the background of software program engineering and of programming languages, together with syntax and semantics; discusses the development of synthetic intelligence, with extension to such key disciplines as philosophy, psychology, linguistics, neural networks and cybernetics; examines the influence on society of the advent of the private machine, the area broad net, and the improvement of cell phone expertise; follows the evolution of a couple of significant expertise businesses, together with IBM, Microsoft and Apple.

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It was concerned with finding the solution to practical problems such as the calendar, the prediction of the positions of the heavenly bodies, land measurement, conducting trade and the calculation of taxes. C. These are similar to abaci and are usually made of wood or metal and contained carved grooves between which beads, pebbles or metal discs were moved. Early Chinese mathematics was written on bamboo strips and included work on arithmetic and astronomy. The Chinese method of learning and calculation in mathematics was learning by analogy.

They captured Granada (the last remaining part of Spain controlled by the Moors) in 1492. 28 The origin of the word ‘algorithm’ is from the name of the Islamic scholar Al-Khwarizmi. 29 I am aware of no other mathematician who was also a poet. C. and was independent of developments in other countries. The emphasis was on problemsolving rather than on conducting formal proofs. It was concerned with finding the solution to practical problems such as the calendar, the prediction of the positions of the heavenly bodies, land measurement, conducting trade and the calculation of taxes.

Ferdinand and Isabella united Spain, defeated the Moors and expelled them from the country. Islamic mathematicians and scholars were based in several countries including the Middle East, North Africa and Spain. Early work commenced in Baghdad, and the mathematicians were influenced by the work of Hindu mathematicians who had introduced the decimal system and decimal numerals. This system was adopted by Al-Khwarizmi28 in the ninth century, and the resulting system is known as the Hindu–Arabic number system.

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A brief history of computing by Gerard O'Regan

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